Tie and Dye, popularly known as Bandhni (Bandhani, Bandhej, and Banding), is a famous traditional handiwork of the Jamnagar district. It is treated as a symbol of married life. It is a must in the marriages of Hindus and Muslims. This art of dyeing dates back to 5000 years.
The process of tie-dye is simple but laborious and time consuming. The material is folded several times in half until reduced to a square or rectangular piece. After spreading it on a wooden table, desired designs are marked on it with a wooden block using ‘GHERU’ (Red oxide) mixed with water. It is then given to a Bandhni (Bandhani, Bandhej, and Banding) craftsperson who ties the marked portions into tiny knots. The motifs indicated by the block are sized and tied with thread thus retaining the color of the fabric in that portion.
After the process of tying and dyeing, the cloth is washed with soft water to remove the color impurities. After this the process of hitching is done. Two persons catch the cloth and hitch in the open air / winds or in the sunlight. The traditional motifs used are Sikar, Kori, Badam, Champakali, Kharekh etc. Bandhni is used on main products like sarees, Punjabi dresses, cloth, skirts and shawls. Tie-dye odhains are produced in cotton, silk and georgette. Jamnagar are main centers of tie-dye.
Black necked stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus)
Khijadia bird sanctuary Located near the coast of Jamnagar at a distance of 15 km. from the city. Khijadia Bird Sanctuary has an amazingly large number of resident and migratory birds in a relatively small area- particularly during winters.
Shree halar tirth
Photograph by Sameer shah
Shri Halar – Tirth ARADHANADHAM is located on the bank of the Sinhan River
in the Midst of the pleasing sound of the rippling waves of water of the dam, near the gardens of various fruits, on the shore of the western sea,This impressive tribute to Jainism spread over 40 acres of land bordering the on the Jamnagar Dwarka highway Jamnagar district of Gujarat, India.
Nawanagar is one of the two largest of the Kathiawar States in Western India. It covers an area of four thousand square miles and has a population of 400,000. The Maharaja Jam Sahib of Nawanagar maintains as his State Forces a regiment of Lancers consisting of two squadrons and a company of Infantry. Both of these units are composed almost entirely of Rajputs, to which race he himself belongs. The officer shown in Full Dress in our picture is a member of the headquarters Staff of the State Forces. The present ruler is a nephew of his predecessor, who was better known in this country as the great cricketer “Ranji.” The background shows the Pratab Vilas Palace, Jamnagar.
At the distance of about 10 km northeast from Jamnagar (Saurashtra) on the south coast of Gulf of Kutch, there exists a bird Sanctuary which represents combination of seasonal freshwater shallow lake, intertidal mudflats, creeks, salt pans, saline land and mangrove scrub. Is it not amazing? In deed, there is no protected area of its kind in the State elsewhere.
About the Sanctuary
In May 1981, revenue wasteland of the lake covering an area of 182.9 ha was declared as Sanctuary under section 18 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and again in November 1981 another area of 421.96 ha was added to it. Today, the total area of the Sanctuary is 605 ha, which covers three freshwater lakes of the entire wetland complex. Area of the Marine Sanctuary (Jamnagar) constitutes the boundary of the Sanctuary towards the Gulf of Kutch.
There exist two reclamation bunds in the Sanctuary, which were constructed by the ex-ruler of Jamnagar State to restrict freshwater flow of small rivers and salt water inflow during high tides. Before construction of the reclamation bunds prior to independence, part of the Sanctuary was intertidal zone of the Gulf of Kutch. The Sanctuary area is just above high tide level because tidal water reaches up to boundary of the Sanctuary. The boundary of Marine Sanctuary extends in the fresh water lake area of Khijadia.
The Sanctuary is located in the western-most part of the country and falls on the traditional route of the migratory birds. Consequently, the Sanctuary supports a variety of migratory birds including the waterfowl. This is an extremely important staging and wintering area for a wide variety of waterfowl. Almost 200 species of birds are recorded in the Sanctuary, including over 90 species of waterfowl.